Pythagoras (circ. 570–495 BC), like many other Greek philosophers, realized very early that when all is set and done – when all progress toward civilization has been accomplished – the liberal and enlightened nature of mankind can only culminate to a most-coveted Golden Age whose hallmark would be fomentation of universal friendships. The peculiar aspect of all supremely wise Greek philosophers is that they recognized the need for mankind to expand his knowledge to attain the Universal Mind – Enlightenment.
As such this most-wise philosopher advocated God’s friendship towards mankind, which he explained through his excellent piety and scientific cultivation. He also observed the need for friends’ awareness of having teachings towards each other, and the subtle relationship of the Soul to the body, of the rational towards the irrational through philosophy and its transcendental teachings.
It was not an isolated incident in Greek literary history when Pythagoras claimed to remember his previous lives. This he did with much accuracy. Plato also was very much aware of this concept of Religion that is as ancient as mankind himself since he well understood that the human Soul undergoes a very intricate evolution before a person can reach the highest peak where the state of Enlightenment becomes the culmination of all human search.
Heracleides Ponticus related that Pythagoras professed to have been once born as Aethalides, the son of Hermes, and to have then obtained as a boon from his father. Consequently he remembered the Trojan war, where, as Euphorbus, he was wounded by Menelaus, and, as Pythagoras, he could still recognize the shield which Menelaus had hung up in the temple of Apollo at Branchidse ; and similarly he remembered his subsequent birth as Hermotimus, and then as Pyrrhus, a fisherman of Delos.